LL.M. in Human Rights – credit requirements (HR LL.M.)

Students studying for an LL.M. degree in Human Rights shall obtain 28 Legal Studies credits and write a thesis of 50–100 pages (a minimum of 17.000 words).

 The course 28 credits shall be obtained according to the following rules:


Mandatory courses (7 credits)

  • Introduction to Human Rights / János Fiala-Butora (Pre-session, 1 credit)
  • Introduction to Public International Law / Gábor Kajtár (Pre-session, 1 credit)
  • Legal Terminology and Computer-based Legal Research / S.J.D. candidate (Pre-session, 1 credit)
  • Fundamental Rights in Comparative Perspective / Renáta Uitz (Fall term, 2 credits)
  • Introduction to the Law and Practice of the European Court of Human Rights / Eszter Polgári (Fall term, 2 credits)
  • Thesis Writing Course / CAW Instructor (Fall term, 0 credit)


For the mandatory courses HR LL.M students receive a total of 7 credits and shall accordingly take additional 21 credits (11 credits from restricted elective courses and 10 credits from elective courses) during the academic year.


Restricted elective courses (mandatory credits)

Rights-related courses

    a)       Classics (3 credits must be obtained out of 9)

  • Freedom of Expression / András Sajó (Fall term, 2 credits)
  • Human Rights and Criminal Justice / Károly Bárd (Fall term, 2 credits)
  • Political Rights in Comparative Perspective / Daniel Smilov (Winter term, 1 credit)
  • Comparative Freedom of Religion / Cole Durham, Brett Scharffs (Spring term, 2 credits)
  • Freedom of Assembly / Michael Hamilton (Spring term, 1 credit)
  • Freedom of Religion – Advanced / Cole Durham (Spring term, 1 credit)

    b)      Contemporary Challenges (3 credits must be obtained out of 7)

  • Key Concepts of the Law of Forced Migration / Boldizsár Nagy (Fall term, 1 credit)
  • Law and Bioethics / Judit Sándor (Winter term, 2 credits)
  • Minority Rights, Migrants and the Cosmopolitan Challenge / István Pogány (Winter term, 1 credit)
  • Critical Race Theory: Race and Law from the United States to Europe / Mathias Möschel, Angéla Kóczé (Spring term, 2 credits)
  • Human Rights in Emergency Situations / Mordechai Kremnitzer (Spring term, 1 credit)

Government-related courses (2 credits must be obtained out of 5)

  • Introduction to EU Constitutional Law / Petra Bárd (Fall term, 1 credit)
  • Constitution-Building in Africa / Markus Böckenförde, Gedion Hessebon (Winter term, 1 credit)
  • Constitutionalism and Rights in South and South East Asia / Arun Thiruvengadam (Spring term, 1 credit)
  • Decline of Constitutionalism 2: Silently Hating Human Rights (interdisciplinary workshop) / András Sajó (Spring term, 1 credit)
  • Non-Democratic Constitutionalism / David Landau (Spring term, 1 credit)

Enforcing Rights and Human Rights Advocacy (3 credits must be obtained out of 9)

  • Courts in Dialogue / András Sajó (Fall term, 1 credit)
  • European Anti-Discrimination Law / Mathias Möschel (Fall-Winter term, 2 credits)
  • EU Human Rights Law and Policy / Marie-Pierre Granger (Winter term, 2 credits)
  • Human Rights Remedies / Jeremy McBride (Winter term, 1 credit)
  • The UN Human Rights System / Sejal Parmar (Winter term, 2 credits)
  • Persuasive Argumentation Exercise – Moot Court / Sejal Parmar (Spring term, 1 credit)


Students are advised to consult their thesis supervisor when selecting restricted elective courses.

Students in the International Justice Specialization and the Clinical Specialization shall see further requirements.